# How to balance chemical equation?

While writing chemical equation, the reactants are on the left before arrow and the products on the right. The arrow ---> is there to show that the reaction is irreversible. It shows the direction of the reaction. The plus sign indicates that there is more than one reactant or product on each side of the equation.

A word equation provides a good summary but a symbol equation provides more detail. It shows more information and allows us to see how many atoms and molecules are involved in each reaction

## Example-1:

$$\text{C}+\text{O}_2\;\rightarrow\text{CO}$$

Solution :

$$2\text{C}+\text{O}_2\;\rightarrow2\text{CO}$$

## Example-2:

$$\text{Mg}_3\text{N}_2+\text{H}_2\text{o}\rightarrow\text{Mg}\left(\text{OH}\right)_2+\text{NH}_3$$

Solution :

$$\text{Mg}_3\text{N}_2+\text{H}_2\text{o}\rightarrow\text{Mg}\left(\text{OH}\right)_2+\text{NH}_3$$

Step-1: Check Metal (Mg).

$$\text{Mg}_3\text{N}_2+\text{H}_2\text{o}\rightarrow\;3\text{Mg}\left(\text{OH}\right)_2+\text{NH}_3$$

Step-2: Check Non-metal (N).

$$\text{Mg}_3\text{N}_2+\text{H}_2\text{o}\rightarrow3\text{Mg}\left(\text{OH}\right)_2+2\text{NH}_3$$

Step-3 :Check Oxygen.

$$\text{Mg}_3\text{N}_2+6\text{H}_2\text{o}\rightarrow3\text{Mg}\left(\text{OH}\right)_2+2\text{NH}_3$$

Balance Equation:

$$\text{Mg}_3\text{N}_2+6\text{H}_2\text{o}\rightarrow3\text{Mg}\left(\text{OH}\right)_2+2\text{NH}_3$$

## Example-3:

$$\text{CuO}+\;\text{NH}_3\rightarrow\;\text{Cu}\;+\;\text{N}_2\;+\;\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

Solution :

$$\text{CuO}\;+\;\text{NH}_3\;\rightarrow\;\text{Cu}\;+\;\text{N}_2\;+\;\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

Step-1: Check Metal (Cu).

$$\text{CuO}+\text{NH}_3\rightarrow\text{Cu}+\text{N}_2+\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

Step-2: Check Non-metal (N).

$$\text{CuO}+\;2\text{NH}_3\rightarrow\text{Cu}+\text{N}_2+\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

Step-3: Check Oxygen.

$$\text{CuO}+2\text{NH}_3\rightarrow\text{Cu}+\;\text{N}_2+\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

Step-4: Check Hydrogen.

$$\text{CuO}+2\text{NH}_3\rightarrow\text{Cu}+\text{N}_2+3\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

$$3\text{CuO}+2\text{NH}_3\rightarrow\text{Cu}+\text{N}_2+3\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

$$3\text{CuO}+2\text{NH}_3\rightarrow3\text{Cu}+\text{N}_2+3\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

## Balanced Equation :

$$3\text{CuO}+2\text{NH}_3\rightarrow3\text{Cu}+\text{N}_2+3\text{H}_2\text{O}$$

## 5 / 5

Ariani
2022-Feb-10
Amazing! Add more balancing chemical equation tutorials
Tesnim Ismail
2022-Apr-05
Very detailed and i a love it so so helpful